The Tower of London is a historic landmark that has stood the test of time for almost a thousand years. The fortress, located in the heart of London, has played a significant role in shaping the city’s history and has witnessed many events that have shaped the course of England’s history.
History of the Tower of London
Construction of the Tower of London began in the year 1078, during the reign of William the Conqueror. The fortress was initially built as a stronghold to defend against foreign invasions, but it later became a symbol of royal power and a place of imprisonment for those who defied the crown.
The Tower of London has undergone many changes and additions over the centuries. In the 13th century, King Henry III added the iconic White Tower, which still stands as the centrepiece of the fortress. Later, King Edward I added the outer curtain wall and the moat, which made the fortress even more impregnable.
Throughout its history, the Tower of London has served many purposes. It has been a palace, a prison, a mint, a royal armoury, and a zoo. The Tower has also been the site of many infamous executions, including that of Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII.
Today, the Tower of London is one of the most popular tourist attractions in London, and it is easy to see why. The fortress is home to some of the most important historical artefacts in England, including the Crown Jewels.
Visitors can take a tour of the Tower and see the armour and weapons used by knights and soldiers in medieval times. The Tower also houses the famous ravens, which are said to protect the monarchy.
Visiting the Tower of London is a must-do for anyone visiting London. The fortress is open every day of the week, and there are guided tours available.
You can also explore the Tower on your own. This is a perfect opportunity to take in the magnificent architecture and learn about the history of the site. There are also live historical reenactments and exhibitions, which bring the history of the Tower to life.