The Monument to the Great Fire of London, commonly known as the Monument is a 202-foot-tall column. It stands in the heart of the City of London, near the northern end of London Bridge. This iconic structure is not only a reminder of a tragic event in London’s history but also a symbol of resilience and determination.
History of The Monument
The Monument was designed by Sir Christopher Wren. It was built between 1671 and 1677 to commemorate the Great Fire of London, which occurred on September 2, 1666.
The fire was a catastrophic event that lasted for four days and destroyed most of the medieval city, including over 13,000 houses, 87 churches, and St. Paul’s Cathedral.
The towering column is made of Portland stone, with a fluted shaft and a golden flaming urn on top. The column’s base is decorated with sculptures and inscriptions that tell the story of the fire and its aftermath.
The Monument is also accessible to visitors who can climb the 311 steps to the top and enjoy stunning views of the city.
The Monument is also a symbol of hope and resilience. The fire was a turning point in London’s history, and it led to the rebuilding of the city on a grander scale.
Sir Christopher Wren was instrumental in this effort, and he went on to design many of the city’s iconic buildings. His works include St. Paul’s Cathedral, which was completed in 1710.
Today, the Monument stands as a testament to London’s ability to overcome adversity and rebuild itself.
It serves as a reminder of the importance of resilience and determination in the face of tragedy.
The Monument has been the subject of numerous literary works and artistic representations. William Wordsworth’s poem “Composed upon Westminster Bridge” and J.M.W. Turner’s painting “The Burning of the Houses of Parliament.”